By John Gerring
This ebook units forth a comparatively novel conception of democratic governance, appropriate to all political settings during which multi-party pageant obtains. opposed to the present decentralist idea (deriving from Madison and Montesquieu), we argue that sturdy governance arises whilst political energies are targeted towards the guts. parts has to be reconciled to ensure that this strategy of amassing jointly to ensue. associations has to be inclusive they usually needs to be authoritative. We check with this mixture of attributes as "centripetal." whereas the speculation has many power purposes, during this booklet we're involved essentially with national-level political associations. between those, we argue that 3 are of primary significance in securing a centripetal variety of democratic governance: unitary (rather than federal) sovereignty, a parliamentary (rather than presidential) government, and a closed-list PR electoral procedure (rather than a single-member district or preferential-vote system). We attempt the influence of those associations throughout quite a lot of governance results.
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Additional resources for A Centripetal Theory of Democratic Governance
It concerns electoral rules, not broader features of constitutional design, and tends to focus on the rather simple question of how electoral systems structure party competition (Baron and Diermeier 2001; Cox and Shugart 1996; Finer 1975; Hart 1992). Our theoretical interests are broader, and in this respect resonate with older, nineteenth-century debates. We should note that the principle of authority does not in any way preclude the delegation of power so long as such powers remain accountable to the center and can be withdrawn or rearranged at any time (see chapter five).
On Argentina, see Gibson (1997), Jones (1997), Remmer and Wibbels (2000), and Sawers (1998). On Belgium, see Martiniello (1997: 290) and O’Neill (2000: 119). On Brazil, see Samuels (2000a, 2000b, 2003) and Weyland (1996). On Canada, see Cairns (1988) and Wilson (1983). On India, see Chhibber (1999) and Ray (1987). On Mexico, see Cornelius et al. (1999), Rubin (1996), and Snyder (2001). On Nigeria, see Dent (2000). On Russia, see Ordeshook (1996). On Switzerland, see Steinberg (1996) and Church (2000).
Two elements must be reconciled in order for this process of gathering together to occur. Institutions must be inclusive: they must reach out to all interests, ideas, and identities (at least insofar as they are relevant to the issue at hand). 42 In Pascal’s well-chosen words, “Plurality which does not reduce itself to unity is confusion. 44 41 42 43 44 To control social forces, as well as physical forces, we must acknowledge their existence and strength, must understand them, and then must shape our machinery in accordance with their laws.
A Centripetal Theory of Democratic Governance by John Gerring